THE PATTERN OF INFORMAL EDUCATION IN PRESERVING THE CULTURE
By Adi Abdul Rohman, Widodo
The family is the first educational institution in human life. The process of transformation of attitudes, knowledge and skills occurs from parents to children running on an informal basis. The strategic role of the family as an institution in which there is a father and mother in the transfer of knowledge, attitudes and skills to children occur naturally in everyday life. Transformation to use the role of care, errands, prohibition, and guidance to the child. The family of performers Karawitan make the transfer of knowledge, attitudes and skills to their children. Karawitan art informal education in the family is one of the educational endeavor to preserve the art and local culture that has begun extinct. Family education affects the interests and talents of children to want to learn and preserve the art Karawitan. Art Karawitan as the local wisdom of the nation's cultural extinction over time needs to be preserved. So that a cultural transformation in the form of art Karawitan need to be preserved through the family as an institution, first and foremost human beings.
The focus of research is how the pattern of informal education on family education in preserving the art Karawitan. This study used a qualitative approach case study. The results showed that the family inculcate the culture of art Karawitan to children who performed in several stages, include, 1) instill basic learning that includes attitudes, knowledge and skills. The attitude pervades a sense of pleasure, a sense of cultural pride and culture. Cultural values include the nature 'nrimo' (receiving), obedient to parents, love art culture Karawitan be beneficial for the child. While the knowledge and skills include knowledge of the musical art of asking and discussing with parents, have the basic skills of learning musical artfully tried randomly. Stage two (2) that is the transformation of knowledge, attitudes and skills Karawitan art is done in groups. The role of parents is crucial when studying musical arts in groups. Start playing the instrument properly, harmonize the tone of the music with the other tools, as well as sharpen the sensitivity in playing this instrument musical arts. . The next stage (3) advanced training that began to be given time independent study with the objective of training skills play an instrument. This stage children begin to feel hard playing musical arts, but behind it appeared pride that 'he has the ability'. The fourth stage (4) is evaluating the ability of cultured. Various training is given in order to facilitate the artful Karawitan. Then do the 'smoothing' or harmonization of beats, how to play an instrument as well as the proper sense 'enjoy' playing musical. The last stage (5) that the independence artful karawitan. At this stage the children are removable to play instruments (gamelan) independently grouped in teams. So a good team if they can play a musical harmoniously with pleasure.
Informal education in the family to preserve the musical arts can play a role by providing the first experience in children in the karawitan play, ensure the child's emotional life artful karawitan, moral education, the foundation of religion, and became a friend of discussion for children. So the effort to preserve the musical arts can be achieved because the process of informal education in the family and received a positive response from the child.