PESANTREN'S CHARACTERS EDUCATION (Research on Salafi Pesantren in Banten Province)
By Muhamad Syadeli Hanafi
Salafi pesantren is a conventional Islamic educational institution which rooted deeply in Indonesian society. In Banten province, salafi pesantren is becoming an integral part of society’s culture, hence salafi pesantren can be found in each and every village. The communities’ love toward salafi pesantren is because this educational institution aims to produces ulama (kyai, Islamic scholar). This is the main reason that pesantren are still able to exist and compete with schools and modern pesantrens. This research intended to reveal the role of kyai on shaping santri’s (students of pesantren) characters, characteristics of santri, and how salafi pesantren is building santri’s characteristics. Research concluded that the salafi pesantren in its physical form as a traditional pesantren on its learning process has indirectly instilled the principles of long-life education to its santri. On this santri’s characters’ formation, kyai’s role is very important. Pesantren through its learning process, learning sources in form of classical scriptures, is directly infusing the elements of santri’s characters, such as characters of science, moral, and socio-cultural. The process of character building is through the example of kyai, ustadz (Islamic teacher), and the values of pesantren association which attached to symbols, clothing, traditions, and customs of pesantren.